The ‘Jesus the Logician’ Project — Main Index (3 of 4)

[Note: This is the main index page for the ‘Jesus the Logician’ Project consisting of both a scriptural and logical/rhetorical forms indices. To add a post to this page send the link to]

Scripture Index





Logical and Rhetorical Forms Index

Figures of Reasoning
A Fortiori — “To the stronger,” or “even more so. ” We are bound to accept an a fortiori claim because of our prior acceptance of a weaker application of the same reasoning or truth.

Aetiologia — A figure of reasoning by which one attributes a cause for a statement or claim made.

Anthypophora — A figure of reasoning in which one asks and then immediately answers one’s own questions.

Appeal to Authority

Appeal to Evidence

Anacephalaeosis — A recapitulation of the facts.

Apophasis — The rejection of several reasons why a thing should or should not be done and affirming a single one, considered most valid.
Argument from Analogy

Commoratio — Dwelling on or returning to one’s strongest argument.
Contrarium — Juxtaposing two opposing statements in such a way as to prove the one from the other.
Dirimens copulatio — A figure by which one balances one statement with a contrary, qualifying statement.
Enthymeme — The informal method of reasoning typical of rhetorical discourse. A truncated syllogism.

Expeditio — After enumerating all possibilities by which something could have occurred, the speaker eliminates all but one.
False Dilemma


  • Jollyblogger, “Jesus and the Law of Non-Contradiction”

Paromologia — Admitting a weaker point in order to make a stronger one.

Proecthesis — When, in conclusion, a justifying reason is provided.
Prosapodosis — Providing a reason for each division of a statement, the reasons usually following the statement in parallel fashion.
Ratiocinatio — Reasoning (typically with oneself) by asking questions.
Reductio ad absurdum — is a type of logical argument where we assume a claim for the sake of argument, arrive at an absurd result, and then conclude the original assumption must have been wrong, since it gave us this absurd result.

  • Mark 12:18-27; Matt 22:23-34; Luke 20:27-40 — Parableman

Sorites — A chain of claims and reasons which build upon one another. Concatenated enthymemes.

Syllogismus –The use of a remark or an image which calls upon the audience to draw an obvious conclusion.

Figures of Ethos
Anamnesis — Calling to memory past matters. More specifically, citing a past author from memory. Anamnesis helps to establish ethos, since it conveys the idea that the speaker is knowledgeable of the received wisdom from the past.






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Joe Carter

Joe Carter founded Evangelical Outpost in 2005. He is the web editor for First Things and an adjunct professor of journalism at Patrick Henry College. A fifteen-year Marine Corps veteran, he previously served as the managing editor for the online magazine Culture11 and The East Texas Tribune. Joe has also served as the Director of Research and Rapid Response for the Mike Huckabee for President campaign and as a director of communications for both the Center for Bioethics and Human Dignity and Family Research Council. He is the co-author of How to Argue like Jesus: Learning Persuasion from History's Greatest Communicaton.