The ‘Jesus the Logician’ Project — Main Index (3 of 4)

Logic & Rhetoric — By on February 12, 2007 at 2:06 am

[Note: This is the main index page for the ‘Jesus the Logician’ Project consisting of both a scriptural and logical/rhetorical forms indices. To add a post to this page send the link to jpcarter@evangelicaloutpost.com]



Scripture Index


Matthew

Mark

Luke

John


Logical and Rhetorical Forms Index


Figures of Reasoning
A Fortiori — “To the stronger,” or “even more so. ” We are bound to accept an a fortiori claim because of our prior acceptance of a weaker application of the same reasoning or truth.

Aetiologia — A figure of reasoning by which one attributes a cause for a statement or claim made.

Anthypophora — A figure of reasoning in which one asks and then immediately answers one’s own questions.

Appeal to Authority

Appeal to Evidence

Anacephalaeosis — A recapitulation of the facts.

Apophasis — The rejection of several reasons why a thing should or should not be done and affirming a single one, considered most valid.
Argument from Analogy

Commoratio — Dwelling on or returning to one’s strongest argument.
Contrarium — Juxtaposing two opposing statements in such a way as to prove the one from the other.
Dirimens copulatio — A figure by which one balances one statement with a contrary, qualifying statement.
Enthymeme — The informal method of reasoning typical of rhetorical discourse. A truncated syllogism.

Expeditio — After enumerating all possibilities by which something could have occurred, the speaker eliminates all but one.
False Dilemma

Non-contradiction

  • Jollyblogger, “Jesus and the Law of Non-Contradiction”

Paromologia — Admitting a weaker point in order to make a stronger one.

Proecthesis — When, in conclusion, a justifying reason is provided.
Prosapodosis — Providing a reason for each division of a statement, the reasons usually following the statement in parallel fashion.
Ratiocinatio — Reasoning (typically with oneself) by asking questions.
Reductio ad absurdum — is a type of logical argument where we assume a claim for the sake of argument, arrive at an absurd result, and then conclude the original assumption must have been wrong, since it gave us this absurd result.

  • Mark 12:18-27; Matt 22:23-34; Luke 20:27-40 — Parableman

Sorites — A chain of claims and reasons which build upon one another. Concatenated enthymemes.

Syllogismus –The use of a remark or an image which calls upon the audience to draw an obvious conclusion.

Figures of Ethos
Anamnesis — Calling to memory past matters. More specifically, citing a past author from memory. Anamnesis helps to establish ethos, since it conveys the idea that the speaker is knowledgeable of the received wisdom from the past.

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Antithesis

Elenchus

Erotema

Procatalepsis


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